ACA Family Types
In addition to alcoholic and addicted families, there are at least five other family types that can produce Adult Children.
- Homes with mental illness in the parent(s).
- Homes with hypochondriac parent(s).
- Homes with ritualistic beliefs, harsh punishment, and extreme secretiveness, often with ultra-religious or sadistic overtones. Some of these homes expose children to battery and other forms of criminal abuse.
- Homes with covert or actual sexual abuse, including incest and inappropriate touching or dress by the parent(s).
- Perfectionistic, shaming homes in which expectations are often too high and praise is typically tied to an accomplishment rather than given freely. \
Source: pp. 57-58 of The Big Red Book of Adult Children of Alcoholics
Additionally, there are homes with religious abuse that can include harsh treatment at the hands of well-meaning people. While we realize God’s love in Step Three, we acknowledge that many adult children have been spiritually abused and struggle with a concept of God in addition to struggling with control.
Source: pp. 148-149 of The Big Red Book of Adult Children of Alcoholics
Commonality = shame/abandonment
Source: p. 58 of The Big Red Book of Adult Children of Alcoholics